Major Project/ Projeto Final 2015

DisperseInsight_13

Untitled #13, Disperse Insight / Sem Título #13, Disperse Insight (Olhar Disperso)

EN/  Major Project 2015

This time in 2015 I submitted my Final Major Project for my Photography Degree at University of West London. I worked on it from 2014 to 2015, in between lots of changes in my life. I felt proud and relieved for managing to finish it and achieve a good result.

After 3 years of studying the subject I have chosen as what is gradually building into a career, I felt the impact of leaving the university and trying to get into the industry. But above all, what thrills me the most is to remember I came a long way from moving schools, to moving continents and at the end graduated in London! It is funny to think I didn’t finish education in my home country, and that I am here with a diploma.

PT/   Projeto Final 2015

Este momento em 2015 eu apresentei o meu projeto final (conhecido como TCC) para o meu curso de Fotografia na faculdade University of West London, como o nome diz, no Oeste de Londres. Trabalhei nele em 2014-2015, entre muitas mudanças na minha vida. Senti-me orgulhosa e aliviada por conseguir terminá-lo e conseguir um bom resultado.

Após 3 anos estudando a matéria que escolhi como o que está sendo construído gradualmente em uma carreira, senti o impacto de deixar a universidade e tentar entrar na indústria fotográfica. Mas, acima de tudo, o que me emociona mais é lembrar que vim de um longo caminho desde as mudanças de escolas, para  mudanças de continentes  e no final se formar em Londres! É engraçado pensar eu não terminei o ensino  médio no meu país de origem, e que eu eu estou aqui com um diploma.

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5 Reasons to do Pilates/ 5 Motivos pra fazer Pilates

joseph_p

Inventor of Pilates, Joseph Pilates at 57 & 82 year old/ Inventor do Pilates, Joseph Pilates com 57 & 82 anos de idade.

EN/  5 Reasons to do Pilates

I decided to make this post because since I started practicing Pilates  just over 1 year, I try selling the idea of getting to do it, for many people.

As teenager I always had back pain, poor posture and (until now) not very fond of working out. After entering a phase of jumping rope as exercise (which is also great option), I decided to try Pilates and since then I didn’t stop. I never liked the gym, I have always been lazy, but I like to find options that fit my personality and that makes me feel happy in working out. So due to it all, Pilates fits like a glove, so here are 5 main reasons that I particularly experience as Pilates benefits:

PT/   5 Motivos pra fazer Pilates

Decidi fazer esse post já que desde que comecei a praticar Pilates à pouco mais de 1 ano, eu vivo vendendo a idéia de começar a fazer, pra muita gente.

 Na minha adolescência eu sempre tive dor nas costas, má postura e (até hoje) não gostava muito de me exercitar. Depois de entrar numa fase de pular corda como exercício (que também é ótima opção), eu decidi tentar Pilates e desde então não parei. Nunca gostei de academia, sempre fui preguiçosa, mas gosto de achar opções que se encaixam à minha personalidade e que eu sinta prazer em me exercitar. Por isso tudo Pilates caiu como uma luva, então aqui vão 5 motivos principais que eu particularmente vivencio como benefícios do Pilates:


1.
Relief of stress and tension / Alivia estresse e tensão
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Left Behind

Untitled4

Untitled 1/ Sem Título 1

 

EN/   Left Behind 

In this post I will show you the first project I did at University in 2012, about objects I found on the streets. This post will be in the format of the “6on6 project tag”, which the idea is to show 6 photos of the same theme on the 6th of each month. The project has 9 final photos, so in order to see the whole project, click here!

PT/   Left Behind (Deixado para Trás)

Neste post vou mostrar o primeiro projeto que eu fiz na universidade em 2012, sobre os objetos que encontrei nas ruas. Este post vai estar no formato da “tag/projeto 6on6”, que a ideia é mostrar 6 fotos do mesmo tema no dia 6 de cada mês. O projeto tem 9 fotos finais, então se estiver a fim de ver todo o projeto, clique aqui!

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On Diane Arbus, Part II

EN/   On Diane Arbus, Part II

Please read “On Diane Arbus, Part I” first by clicking here.

PT/   Sobre Diane Arbus, Parte II

PT/ Por favor leia “Sobre Diane Arbus, Parte I” primeiro clicando aqui.

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Untitled 11 (1969/1971) / Sem Título 11


Untitled 11
is an image from another series taken in an American mental asylum, which opposes the idea of “intention and effect”. In this case having Down Syndrome keeps them away and preserved from additional masks people put on themselves, being naturally very spontaneous and truthful. This photograph different form the other two, is not as formal and cropped into detail, which makes clear sense of a carefully thought choice of composition, to demonstrate this moment of interactivity and involvement between subject and photographer.

PT/ Untitled 11 é uma imagem de uma outra série feita em um asilo para doentes mentais americano, que se opõe à ideia de “intenção e efeito”. Neste caso ter Síndrome de Down os mantém longe e preservados de pessoas adicionais máscaras colocadas sobre si mesmos, sendo, naturalmente, muito espontâneas e verdadeiras. Esta fotografia diferente das outras duas, não é tão formal e cortada no detalhe, o que torna clara a escolha cuidadosamente pensada na composição, para demonstrar esse momento de interactividade e envolvimento entre sujeito e fotógrafo.
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About Preferences/Sobre Preferências

allan

Allan


EN/ About Preferences, Part II

Before reading this, please read Part I here!

I started observing the reasons that people who did not like cats because they are: traitorous, selfish, that attack. I never understood that, how can someone not like cats? And worse, if you do not like it, why stay badmouthing? Talking about things you don´t know …

I had already gone through this stage, but it seems that there are people who never leaves that. From the moment I started to have contact with dogs and cats, I could analyze better the dog lovers that dont like cats. Noticed that like me, some had had a bad experience in the past, and others simply could not get to know cats to be able to change it.

When Allan came into our lives I’ve become daily conviviality with a dog in the house. The funny thing is that on the day he arrived, came straight towards me on the couch, leaving behind my sister, his “owner”.

We were lucky, what a sweet and obedient pet! Over time I noticed how much he is easy going, just by saying the word “walking” that he forgets who his family, who gives food, and goes running after that person. And how he is dependent, sticks to your feet, and gets excited how many times you arrive home in the same day.

I started to do a deeper analysis of human behavior, what he hopes and the feelings he directs to animals, especially to man’s best friend. No wonder the slight preference to dogs (which was higher before), the human being has a need to feel required, loved, to have something or someone that depends on it. Something that dogs can provide well, as the man is their leader, respects a hierarchy as if we were superior and they fragile. Dogs sociability really is much warmer, but for me the mystery of cats, with a certain seduction to win trust, is much more attractive.

Humans like this ease of approach of dogs, easy involvement of them to their leader. For this reason dog lovers find cats snobbish and do not confortable with them, just because they do not fall in love at first sight. The independence of cats is very often confused with detachment from the owners, their nature has always been free to explore. But that does not mean that they do not love their owners, they just have a different way of showing it, just as people also have and so some identify more with dogs and other cats with.

Another thing that people often talk about is that cats abandon the owners, which is not true. The truth is that the nature of cats, especially the stray, is they go around the neighborhood, socialize or fight with other cats at night. Many of them come back the next morning or in the middle of the night if the owner keeps a way to get the cat into the house. But nightlife can be dangerous, they can suffer accidents, poisonings and violence from ignorants, and never return home. So it’s important to think about the decision to keep them at home. Another thing that can happen is the cat does not have the basic home care or attention, enough affection and so they begins to attend other houses, and sometimes moves to another house. So think again before saying that they just abandon their owners.

Also please note that cats have a lot of personality, and each has a different personality, some have traumas. So generalizing will not make you an expert in this spicie. If by chance a person has a bad experience with a cat, whatever the reason, it does not mean that all are like that. It will depend on the person opening the mind and / or have the opportunity to live with other cats and learn from the experiences.

Therefore, I believe that people had to be aware that there are issues and differences that they do not understand enough, and they should not opine negatively before getting to know it. It is very unfair to make an animal a villain, whatever the feature you get attached to. It is also very bad to insinuate that people who like cats are weird or that are similar to those bad characteristics that “you” created for them.

If there is something I learned is that we have to learn, to know and have experiences before you think you own the truth. We have to respect the differences and know that there will always have someone who likes what you do not like, some prefer cats to dogs and prefers someone else to “you.” And so we would live happily ever after.

milo

Milo



PT/ Sobre Preferências, Parte II

Antes de esse texto, leia a Parte I aqui!


Comecei a observar as razões que pessoas que não gostavam de gatos por serem: traiçoeiros, interesseiros, que atacam. Eu nunca entendia isso, como pode alguém não gostar de gatos? E pior, se não gostam, por que ficar falando mal? Falar do que não sabe…
Eu já tinha passado por essa fase, mas parece que tem gente que nunca sai dela. À partir do momento que comecei a ter contato com cães e gatos, analisei melhor os apaixonados por cachorros que não suportam gatos. Vii que assim como eu, alguns tinham tido uma experiência ruim no passado, e outros simplesmente não puderam conhecer gatos para mudar isso.
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Questioning The American Way/Questionando o Estilo Americano

margaret bourke-white

EN/   Questioning The American Way

A single photograph can be extremely powerful when it puts together photographic, historic and social concepts. When a simple first look at a photograph evokes curiosity and questions us what we think that we know about determined society and its polarities causing emotional impact, we know it deserves a further analysis. It is the case of Margaret Bourke-White’s photograph called “Kentucky Flood”, taken in 1937 around the time of the Great Depression in America.

During the Great Depression post-war in the United States, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) was created as an effort to combat rural poverty and support farm workers and their families. As part of this program, photographers as well as writers were hired for this political mission to document and check under what circumstances and how people who depended on farms were living. These documentary photographs would work as educational material and press information to the public showing these people’s reality and needs. This way, the American politics would be demonstrating to the rest of the society, that actions were being taken in favour of this people.

The choice to use photography as the medium to spread this reality was not simply aleatory, unlike any other medium it refers the “truth to reality” of the facts, by considering that the photograph exists because they were there, it was taken therefore it actually happened, with the result shown in a fast and realistic way. Also the program’s photographers “were warned repeatedly not to manipulate their subjects in order to get more dramatic images, and their pictures were almost always printed without cropping or retouching” (Carlebach, 1988:20).

Working on a documentary style, Margaret Bourke-White was the first female photographer to work at Life magazine, where her photograph was published on the first cover. The weekly Life magazine was initially all photographic addressing American news, life style and politics, marking its place in the history of photojournalism and being considered one of the most important contribution to publishing. At this time, documentary photography and journalism started to work together more often, either for press or more detailed studies followed by articles like in Life magazine. The fact that the photograph is in Black and White is not only because colour film was not too common yet, but for a conventional reason mainly with documentary photography that the photographers using Black and White were the serious professionals who were looking at content and real meanings to their photographs. This mere convention has been around in the modern photography’s world until now, and makes us question if there really is a dramatic difference with the result when photographing in monochrome or not. For this particular photograph, which is very detailed with a number o people using their accessories and bags, the billboard’s text and visual information would probably make it look too crowded if in colour, as it has a lot of information, specially if we imagine that each person is wearing a different colour. In Black and White it all gets neutralised as if the colours are not so important for the context of this image, making it clearer, more realistic contact with the scene as it gets less interferences and easier to see the message behind it.

Parallel to the FSA another governmental program was running in the United States, the Work Projects Administration (WPA) which was formed in 1935, as part of a number of the New Deal agencies at that time, and this program was involved with employing people to carry out public works projects, and more notably it was giving work opportunities to artists linked all media/entertainment (music, drama, literacy and Arts). It was when the combination of artists and visual communication helped to create posters and billboards seen across America which worked as propaganda both to publish and advertise community activities and stimulate the society in a positive way, to bring back the “American Way”. This played important role to that recent hopeless society which was trying to emerge once again after the Great Depression, not only economically but also getting involved socially and to give back people’s self esteem.

They were composed by strong imagery made with illustrations, photos, texts and were colourfully graphic each one to convey a different message to the public, for varied audience at all the ages.

For this reason, the billboard that appears on Margaret’s photograph is as important to be analysed individually and as a piece of imagery which provides information about that historic time and its peculiar social behaviour values. The headline saying “World’s Highest Standard of Living” is a reference to the American’s standard of living, which is known and seen as reference around the world, and it is being illustrated there by a happy family formed by a couple with two kids and even a dog all onboard the family’s car. It demonstrates that they are a well structured family, in economical terms as they are able to have the comfort to own car, and consequently living in harmony and emotionally balanced. The second text is “There’s no way like the American Way”, which is again to stimulate American society reflecting back to what they have already mentioned is precious for them, the “Highest Standard of Living” is what differentiates them as a strong nation which was fighting to re-establish. This is to motivate, reaffirm and persuade the population that the government is working under crisis to maintain their honour, once they have got jobs back with FSA’s help, they could now feel more comfortable to invest on social life, consuming products to help increasing the economical movement in the country.

Getting to know all this background information, leads us to understand more what makes this a iconic image and the scenario behind its details. Looking closer to the photograph and the day it was taken, one more important information will reveal the photo’s contrasts and polarities, and even controversiality.

The photograph is a result of many others shots that Life magazine published, while Margaret was covering the incident of the devastating Ohio River Flood in 1937 which claimed close to 400 lives and left around one million people without homes in five states during the winter of that same year. These people there standing in line, are waiting for food, water and clothing from a relief station as a result of the flood, and many were probably homeless or having to live in shared accommodation at that critical moment. This is what most impacts us as viewers when we notice that they are right in front of the FSA’s billboard, suddenly the way that the poster turns out to be just a false illusion of prosperity when the reality of these people confronts the illustration. This way the photograph immediately warns the population that in fact other problems were out of politician’s control, and also that “The World’s Highest Standard of Living” is not for all the citizens, not all are being able to enjoy the “American Way”.

It is the point when the clever use of composition emphasises the well structured, promising, happy family and the poster’s hypocrisy with the hopeless, disadvantaged and vulnerable families in that queue. The way she chose to keep the people in line in the foreground, frames the centralised billboard making the viewers naturally look at both subjects in the picture and starts finding in what aspects they relate, also making comparisons and even stipulate which of the two subjects is the one in focus. It is as if the tension is concentrated in the bottom of the photograph, as there is a dark side or negative polarity where everyone looks serious, and the other part which is the most part of the image covered by the billboard is the light side or positive part of this polarity, containing the smiles and messages of hope. The line created by both the queue and the framed composition, crosses a new line for one more issue this photograph covers. The polarity in the image gets clear at this point, that in addition to the Great Depression and government’s attempts to re-establish the country and the flood as a natural disaster, the Americans portrayed in the poster are not the same ones who are waiting for food in the line. The ones who suffered more with all of these dramatic situations were the black Americans neighbourhoods, the black Americans that are not appearing as part of the campaign. Should not them be living on that same “Highest Standard of Living” the poster talks about? Or maybe, they were not yet included as being part of the American Way, as racially and economically they are not matching the American families and would not be portrayed how they were used to, when having the poster as reference. For sure, this is a very rich image simply created by being at the right place, at the right time, which gives the photographer the status of being a witness to the scene. It is demonstrated by the detail on top right corner of the image a windscreen wiper and at the same time creating a realistic eye level perspective as we were in the other side of the road, showing that it was not even necessary to get off the car to be able to create what now is a classic photograph of a specific period of time in the history. It reaffirms that it makes real difference when opting between to stop to both “look” and “see”, and that the photographer’s sensibility and approach to the scene is essential to involve both context and technique in a photograph that can make the audience get an emotional response to it.

This photograph that at first looks unpretentious combines two very strong and different types of imagery, in which together narrates the story of vulnerable families in contrast with the pretentious governmental campaign during the Great Depression time, using Art to try providing more hope to the population in a certainly unequal way, when compared to the poor living circumstances of the WPA’s farmers and those black Americans at the suburban areas affected by the Ohio River Flood.

In a time where photographers played important place contributing politically this photographs works as a subversive propaganda in a new campaign, transforming people’s opinions about it by questioning the American Way. Making it a very successful example that: “The photograph exists within a wider body of reference and relates to a series of wider histories”(Clarke, 1997:27).



PT/   Questionando o Estilo Americano

Uma única fotografia pode ser extremamente poderosa quando se reúnem conceitos fotográficos, históricos e sociais. Quando um primeiro simples olhar para uma fotografia evoca a curiosidade e nos pergunta o que nós pensamos que sabemos sobre determinada sociedade e as suas polaridades causando impacto emocional, sabemos que merece uma análise mais aprofundada. É o caso de a fotografia de Margaret Bourke-White chamada de “Kentucky Flood” (Enchente na cidade de Kentucky), tirada em 1937 na época da Grande Depressão nos Estados Unidos.

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Carol Hudson: Review/Análise

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EN/   Review: Carol Hudson and her Photographic Work, “From Him, To Him” from The Power of Possessions

My former tutor Carol Hudson’s works on the project “The Power of Possessions” which is formed by a variety of still life photography sets divided in clothing, personal objects and between others, a set of two prints of two pile of letters, which is the main work I will analyse here.

The photographer started the project after her late husband’s death, as a way to get over the period of mourning; she concentrated on “the leftovers scraps of ordinary life” as she describes her husband’s belongings.

The first impression this piece of work attracts is the fact that the photographs are displayed in pair, combining two piles of papers creating an impact in relation to the quantity, which immediately makes me think it has been accumulated and stored. The use of contrasty black and white film reinforces their tones and texture against a black background, attracting attention to the fact that they are opened, causing the viewer curiosity about their content. The division into two different piles displayed together arises the mysterious mood these photographs create in relation to its context.

Looking at the artist’s statement, part of the mystery is solved; these two stacks of letters were found in the attic. One stack comprises letters ‘to him’, the other stack letters ‘from him’. The photographer wrote: “The dates relate to a period of time when a relationship was irrevocably breaking down, a time before I knew my husband. I was torn between a compulsion to read the letters and the fear of what I might discover. In photographing them, I sought hints of the silent, tactile pleasures and heartaches of letter writing and receiving. I didn’t need to read them. I captured the possibility and my choice.”

I find this piece of work intriguing mostly because the artist herself is not aware of the letter’s content, just like the viewers, as well as I can see her conflict in relation to these letters and object that are under her possession, but are not her own. The photographer overcomes a difficult period in her life and makes the hard decision to get rid of some objects and at the same time respect her late husband’s privacy in relation to the letters.

Would you be able to make this decision?

Carol Hudson’s Website: carolmhudson.com


PT/   Análise: Carol Hudson e seu trabalho fotográfico, “Dele, Para Ele” de O Poder das Possessões

O trabalho da minha antiga professora da faculdade Carol Hudson no projeto “O Poder das Possessões “, que é formado por uma variedade de fotos de objetos, divididos em roupas, objetos pessoais e entre eles, um conjunto de duas pilhas de cartas, que é o principal trabalho vou analisar aqui.
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